Located in the middle of Italy, this landlocked nation is the fifth smallest country globally and the third smallest in Europe. Due to its isolation from Italy’s mass tourism, the country has retained its charm and remains an undiscovered treasure worth discovering.
Even though it is a tiny nation, San Marino has a lot to offer visitors. A day trip to discover the magnificent sites and take in the breathtaking vistas of the surrounding countryside is recommended. I would strongly advise you to consider spending an extra evening getting the most out of your visit!
1. Guaita Tower (The First Tower), San Marino
Seeing the three towers of San Marino is a must-do while in the country. These historic castles, which are situated on the summits of Mount Titano, are a testament to the country’s long and illustrious past. Walking between the buildings is a simple and convenient option.
The Guaita Tower is the oldest and most well-known of the three structures. It was originally erected in the 10th century but has been renovated many times throughout the centuries since then. It is worth noting that the tower has functioned as a jail in the past, most recently as late as 1970.
2. Castello della Cesta (The Second Tower)
The Castello della Cesta (also known as the Fratta or the Second Tower) is located 756 meters above sea level on Monte Titano, marking it the stronghold with the greatest height in the world. It was constructed in the 11th century and served as the guardhouse’s headquarters. Like the First Tower, it used many of its chambers as jail cells for a period of time.
3. Del Montale (The Third Tower)
The del Montale is the name given to the Third Tower. It is the oldest of the three towers, dating back to the 13th century, and is the smallest. It is strategically situated in the ideal location for an observation tower and has played an essential role in the nation’s defense.
Throughout the ages, it has been repaired on a number of occasions. A terrifying eight-meter-deep jail referred to known as the “bottom of the tower” may be found on the first floor.
4. Piazza della Libertà, San Marino
You should visit Piazza della Libertà if you’re in San Marino during the summer months (from June to mid-September). The shifting of the guard ritual takes place in this city plaza, which you may see.
The guards are dressed in a distinctive costume that comprises a vibrant green jacket with red pants and a cap with a red pompom on top, among other things. Don’t forget to bring your camera since it’s a fascinating sight to witness.